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Laura Biagiotti Roma Uomo homme / men, Eau de Toilette, 1-pack (1 x 125 ml)

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Halsall, Guy (2018). "Transformations of Romanness: The northern Gallic case". In Pohl, Walter; Gantner, Clemens; Grifoni, Cinzia; Pollheimer-Mohaupt, Marianne (eds.). Transformations of Romanness: Early Medieval Regions and Identities. De Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-059838-4. From the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the late 5th century to the wars of Emperor Justinian I in the 6th century, the predominant structure of societies in the west was a near-completely barbarian military but also a near-completely Roman civil administration and aristocracy. [85] The new Barbarian rulers took steps to present themselves as legitimate rulers within the Roman framework, [86] with the pretense of legitimacy being especially strong among the rulers of Italy. [87] The early kings of Italy, first Odoacer and then Theoderic the Great, were legally and ostensibly viceroys of the eastern emperor and thus integrated into the Roman government. Like the western emperors before them, they continued to appoint western consuls, which were accepted in the east and by the other barbarian kings. [88] The imperial court in the east extended various honours to powerful barbarian rulers in the west, which was interpreted by the barbarians as enhancing their legitimacy; something they used to justify territorial expansion. [89] In the early 6th century, Clovis I of the Franks and Theoderic the Great of the Ostrogoths nearly went to war with each other, a conflict that could have resulted in the re-establishment of the western empire under either king. [90] Concerned about such a prospect, the eastern court never again extended similar honours to western rulers, [89] instead beginning to emphasise its own exclusive Roman legitimacy, which it would continue to do for the rest of its history. [90] Merry, Bruce (2004). Encyclopedia of Modern Greek Literature. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-30813-0. Caló Levi, Annalina (1952). Barbarians on Roman Imperial Coins and Sculpture. American Numismatic Society. ISBN 978-0-598-36890-4. A well-documented case of the Romans "disappearing" is northern Gaul in the 6th and 7th centuries. In the 6th century, the personnel of churches in the region was dominated by people with Roman names. For instance, only a handful of non-Roman and non-Biblical names are recorded in the episcopal list of Metz from before the year 600. After 600, the situation is reversed and bishops had predominantly Frankish names. The reason for this change in naming practices might be a change in naming practices in Gaul, that people entering church services no longer adopted Roman names or that the Roman families which had provided the church personnel dropped in status. [95]

Billigmeier, Robert Henry (1979). A Crisis in Swiss pluralism: The Romansh and their relations with the German- and Italian-Swiss in the perspective of a millennium. Mouton Publishers. ISBN 978-9-0279-7577-5. The origins of the people that became the first Romans are clearer. As in neighbouring city-states, the early Romans were composed mainly of Latin-speaking Italic people, [41] [42] known as the Latins. The Latins were a people with a marked Mediterranean character, related to other neighbouring Italic peoples such as the Falisci. [43] The early Romans were part of the Latin homeland, known as Latium, and were Latins themselves. By the time of the 6th century, the inhabitants of Rome had conquered and destroyed all the other Latin settlements and communities such as Antemnae and Collatia and defeated the hegemony of the settlement of Alba Longa, which had previously united the Latin people under its leadership, a position that now belonged to Rome. [44]

Sanders, Henry A. (1908). "The Chronology of Early Rome". Classical Philology. 3 (3): 316–329. doi: 10.1086/359186. JSTOR 261793. S2CID 161535192.

Jones, A. H. M. (1962). "The Constitutional Position of Odoacer and Theoderic" (PDF). The Journal of Roman Studies. 52 (1–2): 126–130. doi: 10.2307/297883. JSTOR 297883. S2CID 163824464. Many Greeks, particularly those outside the then newly founded Greek state, continued to refer to themselves as Romioi well into the 20th century. [ab] What Greek identity ought to be remained unresolved for a long time. As late as the 1930s, more than a century of the war of independence, Greek artists and authors still debated the contribution of Greece to European culture, and whether it should derive from a romantic fascination with classical antiquity, a nationalist dream of a restored Byzantine Empire, the strong oriental influence from the centuries of Ottoman rule or if it should be something entirely new, or "Neohellenic", reminding Europe that there was not only an ancient Greece, but also a modern one. [157] The modern Greek people still sometimes use Romioi to refer to themselves, as well as the term "Romaic" ("Roman") to refer to their Modern Greek language. [158] Roman identity also survives prominently in some of the Greek populations outside of Greece itself. For instance, Greeks in Ukraine, settled there as part of Catherine the Great's Greek Plan in the 18th century, maintain Roman identity, designating themselves as Rumaioi. [159] The term Rum or Rumi also sees continued usage by Turks and Arabs as a religious term for followers of the Greek Orthodox Church, not only those of Greek ethnicity. [160] Language map of Switzerland, with regions speaking French ( Romandy) in blue and Romansh in green

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Milavec, Tina (2020). "The Transformations in Roman Identity in the South-Eastern Alps During the Migration Period". Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. 71: 89–100. doi: 10.1556/072.2020.00004. S2CID 225836506. Hen, Yitzhak (2018). "Compelling and intense: the Christian transformation of Romanness". In Pohl, Walter; Gantner, Clemens; Grifoni, Cinzia; Pollheimer-Mohaupt, Marianne (eds.). Transformations of Romanness: Early Medieval Regions and Identities. De Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-059838-4. Karolina (2018). Invaders of Victims? Roman views of the Barbarians across Late Antiquity (B. A. honours thesis). Aberystwyth University. Berciu Drăghicescu, Adina (2012). Aromâni, meglenoromâni, istroromâni: Aspecte identitare și culturale (in Romanian). Editura Universității din București. p.788.

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